By Saul Roth
Here is an overview of the gun laws in the state of Arizona. Please note that gun laws can change over time, so it’s essential to consult the most recent and authoritative sources or legal professionals for up-to-date information.
1. Permits to Purchase and Possess Firearms: In Arizona, there is no requirement to obtain a permit to purchase or possess firearms for individuals who are 18 years or older. This means that most adults are allowed to possess firearms, including handguns and long guns, without a specific permit.
2. Concealed Carry Permits: Arizona is a “constitutional carry” state, meaning that individuals who are 21 years or older and not prohibited by law from possessing a firearm may carry a concealed handgun without a permit. However, Arizona also offers a concealed carry permit, known as a Concealed Weapons Permit (CWP), which allows for reciprocity with other states and may provide certain advantages, such as exemptions from certain background check requirements. The CWP can be obtained by individuals who are at least 21 years old and meet certain eligibility criteria.
3. Open Carry: Arizona allows the open carry of firearms without a permit. There are generally no restrictions on openly carrying firearms in public places, although local governments have the authority to regulate open carry in certain areas or during specific events. It’s important to be aware of any local ordinances or regulations that may apply.
4. Firearm Sales: Private firearm sales between individuals do not require a background check or transfer through a licensed dealer in Arizona. However, federal law still prohibits selling firearms to individuals who are prohibited from owning them, such as convicted felons, individuals with certain restraining orders, and those with a history of domestic violence.
5. Stand Your Ground and Castle Doctrine Laws: Arizona has both a “Stand Your Ground” law and a “Castle Doctrine” law. The Stand Your Ground law allows individuals to use deadly force in self-defense, without a duty to retreat if they reasonably believe it is necessary to prevent imminent death, serious bodily harm, or the commission of a violent felony. The Castle Doctrine law extends this principle to self-defense situations within one’s own dwelling or occupied vehicle.
6. Prohibited Persons: Arizona law prohibits certain individuals from owning or possessing firearms. This includes convicted felons, individuals with domestic violence convictions, individuals subject to certain protection orders, those adjudicated as mentally ill, and individuals addicted to drugs or alcohol.
It’s important to note that this is a general overview of Arizona’s gun laws, and there may be additional provisions and nuances not covered here. Additionally, it’s crucial to consult the Arizona state statutes, legal professionals, or relevant law enforcement agencies for the most accurate and up-to-date information on gun laws in the state.