State Gun Laws - New Jersey - Saul Roth

Image Credit: MateMedia

By Saul Roth

Here’s an overview of gun laws in the state of New Jersey. Please note that laws can change over time, so it’s always a good idea to consult the most current and official sources or legal professionals for the most up-to-date information.

Permits and Licensing:

1. New Jersey requires a permit to purchase rifles, shotguns, and handguns. To obtain a permit, individuals must apply with their local police department or the New Jersey State Police.

2. A separate permit is required for each handgun purchase, and permits are typically valid for 90 days.

3. New Jersey also requires a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card (FPIC) to purchase long guns (rifles and shotguns). The FPIC is obtained through the same application process as the handgun permit.

Firearm Purchase and Transfers:

1. All firearms sales, including private sales, require a background check in New Jersey. The background check is conducted by the licensed firearms dealer or through the New Jersey State Police for private transfers.

2. The law limits individuals to purchasing one handgun per 30-day period.

Assault Weapons and High-Capacity Magazines:

1. New Jersey has strict regulations on assault weapons and high-capacity magazines. The state bans the possession, sale, and transfer of assault firearms and magazines capable of holding more than 10 rounds of ammunition, with few exceptions.

2. There are specific criteria and exemptions for grandfathered firearms and magazines that were legally possessed before the bans went into effect.

Safe Storage and Reporting:

1. New Jersey requires firearms to be stored securely when not in use to prevent unauthorized access. The law does not specify the exact storage requirements but emphasizes the need for reasonable precautions.

2. There is no specific requirement to report the loss or theft of a firearm in New Jersey. However, it is advisable to report such incidents to local law enforcement.

Carrying Firearms:

1. New Jersey has strict regulations on the carrying of firearms. A permit is required to carry a handgun outside of one’s home or place of business. Permits are generally restricted to individuals who can demonstrate a justifiable need for self-defense.

2. Open carry of firearms is generally prohibited in New Jersey, even with a permit.

Stand Your Ground Law:

1. New Jersey does not have a Stand Your Ground law. The state follows a “duty to retreat” principle, which means individuals must attempt to avoid or retreat from a threat before using force, including deadly force, in self-defense.

It’s important to consult the official New Jersey state statutes or seek legal advice to obtain comprehensive and up-to-date information on the specific provisions and requirements of New Jersey’s gun laws.